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车辆工程毕业设计152五菱宏光手动变速器设计
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  • 车辆工程毕业设计152五菱宏光手动变速器设计五菱宏光手动变速器设计
    系部名称: 汽车工程系
    专业班级: 车辆工程
    学生姓名:
    指导教师:
    职 称:
    The Graduation Design for Bachelor's Degree
    WuLing HongGuang
    Manual Transmission Design
    Candidate:WangEnTong
    Specialty:Vehicle engineering
    Class:BW07-6
    Supervisor:ZhaoGuoQian advanced experimental teachers
    Heilongjiang Institute of Technology
    摘 要
    变速器用来改变发动机传到驱动轮上的转矩和转速,目的是在原地起步,爬坡,转弯,加速等各种行驶工况下,使汽车获得不同的牵引力和速度,同时使发动机在最有利工况范围内工作。变速器设有空挡和倒挡。需要时变速器还有动力输出功能。
    因为变速箱在低档工作时作用有较大的力,所以一般变速箱的低档都布置靠近轴的后支承处,然后按照从低档到高档顺序布置各档位齿轮。这样做既能使轴有足够大的刚性,又能保证装配容易。变速箱整体结构刚性与轴和壳体的结构有关系。一般通过控制轴的长度即控制档数,来保证变速箱有足够的刚性。
    本文设计研究了三轴式五挡手动变速器,对变速器的工作原理做了阐述,变速器的各挡齿轮和轴做了详细的设计计算,并进行了强度校核,对一些标准件进行了选型。变速器的传动方案设计并讲述了变速器中各部件材料的选择。
    关键字:变速器;设计;齿轮;轴;校核
    ABSTRACT
    Transmission to change the engine reached on the driving wheel torque and speed, is aimed at marking start, climbing, turning, accelerate various driving conditions, the car was different traction and speed Meanwhile engine in the most favorable working conditions within the scope of the work. And the trans mission in neutral gear with reverse gear. Transmission also need power output function.
    Gearbox because of the low-grade work at a larger role, In general, the low-grade gearbox layout are close to the axis after support, Following from low-grade to high-grade order of the layout of stalls gear. This will not only allow axis are large enough for a rigid, but also ensures easy assembly. Gear box overall structure and rigid axle and the shell structure of relations. Generally through the control shaft length control over several stalls to ensure that adequate gear box rigid.
    This paper describes the design of three-axis five block manual tran mission, the transmission principle of work elaborated, Transmission of the gear shaft and do a detailed design, and the intensity of a school. For some standard parts for the selection. Transmission Trans mission program design. A brief description of the trans mission of all components of the material choice.
    Keywords : Transmission; Design; Gear; Axis;Checking
    目 录
    摘要 ..............................................................................................................错误~未定义书签。 ABSTRACT...............................................................................................错误~未定义书签。 第1章 绪论 .............................................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    1.1选题的背景................................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    1.2目的及意义.................................................................................................................. 2 第2章 总体方案设计 .......................................................................................................... 3
    2.1汽车参数的选择 ............................................................................................................... 3
    2.2变速器设计应满足的基本要求 ....................................................................................... 3
    2.3传动机构布置方案分析 ................................................................................................... 3
    2.3.1固定轴式变速器 .................................................................................................... 3
    2.3.2倒档布置方案 ........................................................................................................ 4
    2.3.3其它问题 ................................................................................................................ 6
    2.4齿轮形式 ........................................................................................................................... 7
    2.5换挡机构形式 ................................................................................................................... 7
    2.6变速器轴承 ....................................................................................................................... 8
    2.7本章小结 ........................................................................................................................... 9 第3章 变速器设计和计算 ................................................................................................. 10
    3.1档数 ................................................................................................................................. 11
    3.2传动比范围 .....................................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3各档传动比的确定 .........................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3.1主减速器传动比的确定 ........................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3.2最低档传动比的确定 ............................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3.3各档传动比的确定.................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3.4中心距的选定 ........................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.3.5变速器的外形尺寸 ................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.4齿轮参数 .........................................................................................错误~未定义书签。
    3.4.1模数的选取 ............................................................................................................ 14
    3.4.2压力角 .................................................................................................................... 15
    3.4.3螺旋角 .................................................................................................................... 15
    3.4.4齿宽......................................................................................................................... 16
    3.4.5齿顶高系数 ............................................................................................................ 17
    3.4.6变位系数的选择原则 ............................................................................................ 17
    3.5各档齿数的分配 ............................................................................................................. 18
    3.5.1确定一档齿轮的齿数 ............................................................................................ 18
    3.5.2对中心距进行修正 ................................................................................................ 20
    3.5.3确定常啮合传动齿轮副齿数及变位系数 ............................................................ 20
    3.5.4确定其他各档齿数及变位系数 ............................................................................ 21
    6 3.5.5确定倒档齿轮齿数及变位系数 ............................................................................ 23.6本章小结 ......................................................................................................................... 28 ...
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